rice - grains used as food either unpolished or more often polished. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad. Enumeratio phanerogamarum Bornearum: 1-739. Flora of West Tropical Africa Many of the beneficial compounds present in brown rice are absent from highly-refined white rice. Giraldo-Caรฑas, D. (2011). Oryza sativa is the cereal with the smallest genome, consisting of just 430Mb across 12 chromosomes. It’s a by-product from milling of rice, but don’t take that to mean it’s a throwaway ingredient: rice bran is a rich source of over 100 antioxidant compounds, including vitamin E, ferulic acid, and oryzanol. The rice is made into a paste or moulded into balls and these can be applied to boils, sores, swellings and skin blemishes. Iran, Egypt, Chad, Dictionary entry overview: What does Oryza sativa mean? Flore Analytique du Bรฉnin: 1-1034. It is also reported to have moisturising and anti-ageing properties. An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500. A key to Pacific Grasses: 1-107. Instituto de investigaรงรฃo cientรญfica tropical, Instituto Portuguรชs de apoio ao desenvolvimento. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0, Kew Science Photographs Institut d' Elevage et de Mรฉdecine Vรฉtรฉrinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0, Flora of West Tropical Africa The Royal Botanic Gardens, Singapore. Mauritius, (ed.) (ed.) Flora of Egypt 4: 1-617. Tennessee, Oryza sativa L. Rice is the most widely grown tropical cereal, and over 400 million tonnes of milled rice is produced each year. Nicobar Is., Oryza sativa is the cereal with the smallest genome, consisting of just 430Mb across 12 chromosomes. Cope, T.A., Knees, S.G. & Miller, A.G. (2007). Turkmenistan, Usage. (ed.) Mass spectrometry-based metabolomics investigation on two different indica rice grains (Oryza sativa L.) under cadmium stress Author links open overlay panel Ting Zeng a c Baohua Fang b Fenglin Huang b Li Dai b Zhi Tang d Jinglin Tian a c Guodong Cao c Xuanlin Meng c Yuanchen Liu c Bo Lei a Minghua Lu e Zongwei Cai c Brazil Northeast, Mexico Southwest, Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Flora Zambesiaca 10(1): 1-152. Rwanda, Oryza sativa, commonly known as Asian rice, is the plant species most commonly referred to in English as rice. Rice starch can be mixed with honey to nourish the skin and can be used in cosmetics to reduce facial 'shine'. She is known worldwide as The Cosmetics Cop and creator of Paula’s Choice Skincare. Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Mรฉridional: 1-289. Hainan, (1997). Tadzhikistan, ORSTOM, Bangui. & al. Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. cultivated rice. Institut d' Elevage et de Mรฉdecine Vรฉtรฉrinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort. Sativa, sativus, and sativum are Latin botanical adjectives meaning cultivated.It is often associated botanically with plants that promote good health and used to designate certain seed-grown domestic crops. Pakistan, Philippines, Sticky glutinous rice is often taken to treat stomach upsets, heart-burn and indigestion. Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. The Bentham-Moxon Trust Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Seeds are dried, packaged and stored at a sub-zero temperature in our seed bank vault. Botany 4: 325-411. Senegal, Oryza sativa contains two major subspecies: the sticky, short-grained japonica or sinica variety, and the nonsticky, long-grained indica rice [ja] variety. Primorye, Crown Agents for the Colonies, London. Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions: an identification manual: 1-570. rice. Nuevo Catรกlogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Oryza sativa. Stem and leaves: The stem is upright and composed of a series of joint-like nodes, with a leaf growing from each node. Kew Species Profiles Czechoslovakia, Kodansha, Tokyo, Japan. 1. Int. (1973). Another species, O. glaberrima , is cultivated on a much smaller scale in Africa. (ed.) Benin, Equatorial Guinea, The Sahara was formerly wetter, with massive paleolakes in … Members of the genus grow as tall, wetland grasses, growing to 1–2 m tall; the genus includes both annual and perennial species. To grow rice from seed at Kew, the seed is collected in August when it is brown and dry. Steud. Catรกlogo de las Gramรญneas de Mรฉxico: 1-671. Handbook of Energy Crops. West Himalaya, 'Wild rice' is produced from an entirely different species of grass, Zizania palustris , and is harvested from wild plants in North America. Oryza sativa var. The oil from rice bran contains vitamin E and minerals. Inner Mongolia, (1917). II Boissiera 58: 1-401. Flora of Bhutan 3(2): 457-883. Steud. (ed.) Background: Rice research has been enabled by access to the high quality reference genome sequence generated in 2005 by the International Rice Genome Sequencing Project (IRGSP). Rice extracts, such as starch and oil, are used in a range of cosmetic and hygiene products. Flora Zambesiaca 10:1. Acevedo-Rodrรญguez, P. & Strong, M.T. Oryza sativa L., ssp. Rice flour lacks gluten and so is usually consumed as noodles, as the absence of gluten results in poor quality bread. Cuba, Georgia, GTZ, Eschborn. Med-Checklist Notulae, 30 Willdenowia 41: 311-328. Rice can accumulate arsenic if this is present in high levels in irrigation water. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh. More rarely it has been used for rope and thatch. The bran is the brown outer layer of the rice kernel. (1993). Clayton, W. D., Harman, K. T. & Williamson, H. (2006 onwards). Gambia, : a small genus (family Gramineae) of tropical cereal grasses having perfect flowers with six stamens — see rice. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Masamune, G. (1942). Datta, B.K., Saha, R. Roy, M. & Majumder, K. (2008). Trop. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ Naturhistorisches Museums Wien. O. sativa 'Indica' produces long-grain rice and is grown in tropical areas such as southeast Asia and the Philippines, whilst the short-grained O.sativa 'Japonica' is cultivated in temperate areas including Japan and northern China. Therefore, effective weed control is an important but often costly and difficult management practice in rice crop production. Manchuria, & Velayos, M. Western Australia, Madagascar, (2009). http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0, Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone Catรกlogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247. Panamรก, (1985). However, few studies and little detailed and accurate information of root characteristics were reported in fine-rooted plants like rice (Oryza sativa L.). Oryza sativa (rice) bran extract is a plant ingredient used in cosmetics to condition and soften skin. Oryza sativa, commonly known as Asian rice, is the plant species most commonly referred to in English as rice. (1971). (2006). GENETIC VARIABILITY AND INTER-TRAIT ASSOCIATION FOR COOKING AND MICRONUTRIENT (Feand Zn) TRAITS IN ADVANCE LINES OF KALANAMAK AROMATIC RICE Krym, Henty, E.E. (eds.) New Guinea, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/, Flora Zambesiaca (1999). DESIGNPOST. Bor, N.L. Rice can be used to treat skin conditions. Niger, Jones, M. (1991). (1999). Oryza sativa (rice) bran extract is a plant ingredient used in cosmetics to condition and soften skin. Edinburgh University Press. While Oryza glaberrima is also technically rice, O. sativa is the plant we mean when we casually say rice, and is vastly more significant. Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal: i-x, 1-430. Merkodovich, N.A. Turkmenskoe gosudarstvennoe izd., Ashkhabad. Dรกvila, P., Mejia-Saulรฉs, M.T., Gรณmez-Sรกnchez, N., Valdรฉs-Reyna, J., Ortรญz, J.J., Morรญn, C., Castrejรณn, J. About Oryza sativa Japonica. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu islands: 1-1159. "Oryza" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicine's controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical Subject Headings).Descriptors are arranged in a hierarchical structure, which enables searching at various levels of specificity. Fedorov, A.A. Please turn it on so that you can experience the full capabilities of this site. Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Noltie, H.J. Peyre de Fabregues, B. Mexico Southeast, Newman, M., Ketphanh, S., Svengsuksa, B., Thomas, P., Sengdala, K., Lamxay, V. & Armstrong, K. (2007). A revised flora of Malaya 3: 1-319. It has been observed that the rate of seed germination drops rapidly as the seed ages. China Southeast, Afghanistan, Khabarovsk, Flore Gรฉnรฉrale de l'indo-Chine 1(3): 193-336. Grasses of West Tripura district, Tripura, India Pleione 2: 98-105. Camus, E.G. (1985). After being harvested, rice is de-husked to remove the inedible hull. 2015. (eds.) Sri Lanka, & Diniz, M.A. Nicaragua, Germination then takes about a week, after which the plants can be thinned out if necessary. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Portรจres in J. Agric. Noun. The importance of rice has been recognised for many centuries - in India it was once known as 'dhanya' meaning 'the sustainer of the human race'. California, Cambodia, Wu, Z. Puerto Rico, Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. The history of rice domestication is not fully understood. Izd-va Akademii nauk Uzbekskoi SSR, Tashkent. Pressed and dried specimens of rice are held in Kew's Herbarium, where they are available to researchers by appointment. Jawa, Vietnam, (2014). Brazil North, Lineamenta Florae Koreae: 1-1688. oryza sativa (ō-rÄ«z′ă să-tÄ«v′ă) [L. oryza sativa, sown rice] The scientific name for rice, a cereal grain in the grass family consumed as a staple source of carbohydrates. Most of the presently grown cultivars of rice (Oryza sativa L.) have poor competitive ability against weeds if compared with traditional cultivars. Oryza is a genus of plants in the grass family. Flora Iranica 70: 1-573. unpublished. Nihonmasari (Nihon) wild type (wt), the mutant coleoptile photomorphogenesis2 (cpm2) and the rice auxin-reporter line (OsDR5::GUS), containing the highly active synthetic auxin response element (DR5) fused to β-glucuronidase (GUS) (Ulmasov et al., 1997), were used for the experiments Iraq, & Camus, A. in H. Lecomte (1922). (eds.). Digital Image ยฉ Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/, Kew Backbone Distributions

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