Filed under Springbok Tour A long term cause of the 1981 Springbok Tour protests was the apartheid system in South Africa and the New Zealand government’s lack of action. Many consequences had occurred during the 1981 Springbok Tour Protest. Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. They won $10 000 compensation, The Police Complaints Authority was set up, 1981 tour is still commemorated – TV documentaries have marked the 10th and 25th anniversaries, Set up 1948 by Daniel Malan’s Nationalist party in South Africa, Included laws such as the Prohibition of Mixed Marriages Act 1949, the Population Registration Act 1950, and Reservation of Separate Amenities Act 1953, Violent repression – Sharpeville Massacre 21 March 1960 – police killed 69 people, Soweto riots – started 16 June 1976 – 176-700 people killed, 1921, 1928, 1949 and 1960 NZ tours of SA – no Maori players, 1968 tour cancelled rather than send an all-white team, 1970 – Maori allowed to play but labelled ‘honorary whites’, 1960 – No Maori, No Tour petition organised by CABTA gets 150 000 signatures, Anti-Vietnam war protest – chance for groups to organise, Opportunities to practice protests – 1970 tour, 1971 SA surfing team tour of NZ, 1976 SA softball team tour of NZ. It included laws such as the Population Registration Act 1950, the Reservation of Separate Amenities Act 1953, and the Immorality Act 1950. These injustices made people around the world want to protest against South Africa’s government. The first game against Poverty Bay on 22 July saw tour supporters and anti-tour protesters confront each other, face to face, for the first time. Leave a comment. Try these sites for information about the background of this particular tour and why it was controversial. Others disagreed. In the 1960s and 70s, many New Zealanders had come to believe that playing sport with South Africa condoned its racist apartheid system. He is the face of Red Squad, the infamous riot-control group which kept protesters at bay during the 1981 Springbok tour. As was to be the case for the entire tour, however, the real action was taking place on the streets surrounding the venue. These laws severely limited the rights of blacks. All non-text content is subject to specific conditions. Tuesday 19 July marks the 35th anniversary of the Springboks' arrival in New Zealand for the 1981 rugby tour. Note how the higher grades come from more specific details. See the related film clip and more about the Molesworth Street protest. The tourists squared the series with a convincing 24–12 victory at Athletic Park. Some rugby fans lashed out at them with fists and boots and once more police batons were used on suburban New Zealand streets. 25th July, 1981 Protesters attack Rugby Park in Hamilton- Match cancelled . Exactly 38 years ago today hundreds of protesters invaded Rugby Park in Waikato as the Ranfurly Shield holders prepared to take on the Apartheid South African Springboks. There were protests in South Africa, like in Sharpeville in 1960[9] and in Soweto in 1976[10]. After the 1981 tour many more people stopped supporting sporting contact. The records of the protests that rocked the nation will go under the hammer at Auckland’s Bowerbank Ninow gallery. 13 July – The South African rugby union team ("Springboks") arrives in New Zealand to begin the 1981 Springbok Tour; 25 July – 1981 Springbok Tour: The match between South Africa and Waikato at Rugby Park, Hamilton, is cancelled after 350 anti-apartheid protesters invade the pitch. Police used batons on anti-tour protesters for the first time. A long term cause of the 1981 Springbok Tour protests was the apartheid system in South Africa and the New Zealand government’s lack of action. The 1981 Springbok Tour By early 1980s the pressure from other African countries as well as from internal protest groups reached a head when the Rugby Union proposed a Springbok Tour for 1981. Jul 22, 1981. 2004 Maori Television begins broadcasting. We have 3 events in history, 23 biographies, 18 articles, related to 1981 Springbok tour. Leave a comment. Culture and Society A timeline created with Timetoast's interactive timeline maker. Influenced and influenced by anti-Springbok protests in other countries like Australia, Britain (see "Australians campaign against South African rugby tour in protest of apartheid, 1971" and "British Citizens Protest South African Sports Tours (Stop the Seventy Tour), 1969-1970") (1,2). A long term consequence that we could consider as one the most important consequences was that this tour helped bring an end to the anti-apartheid in South Africa. The streets surrounding the ground resembled a battlefield as major protests occurred. September 7, 2014 Tagged with 1.6, springbok tour, September 13, 2013 Tagged with 1.6, revision, springbok tour, September 25, 2013 The springbok, the symbol of South Africa's rugby team, is a medium-sized gazelle native to southern Africa. This was the primary reason why the 1981 Springbok tour caused so much controversy. Protest action at the ground and around the country led one policeman to recall that it was ‘sheer luck’ that no one was killed that day. Robert Muldoon was the 31st Prime Minister of New Zealand from 1975 to 1984. The system was used to deny many rights of non-white people. E.g. 1981 Springbok tour Friendships and family relationships were harmed due to different perspectives on the tour. However, when the 1981 Springbok tour of New Zealand went ahead, in defiance of the Gleneagles Agreement, the International Rugby Board (IRB) banned South Africa from all international competitions until apartheid ended. It was introduced by politicians Daniel Malan and Jan Smuts. This led to protest in 1981 because the government’s lack of action against the injustice of the apartheid system made people want to protest themselves. There were a number of groups that were formed in support of the Springbok tour. Filed under Springbok Tour Why/how it was significant to NZers. This is what it looks like: 91006-Exam paper. You can find out more about each of the games on our interactive map. Get those specific details! As was to be the case for the entire tour, however, the real action was taking place on the streets surrounding the venue. On the field, the visitors won 24–6. The new Labour government marked a change in NZ’s policy – 1986 Homosexual Law Reform Act, made NZ nuclear free in 1987, introduced massive privatisation, People lost trust in the police due to the violence of the Red and Blue squads, In particular when 3 students dressed as clowns were attacked. History 1981 Springbok Tour: ... Timeline of the Tour . This was in use in the 20th century, from 1948 to 1994. This site is produced by the History Group of the New Zealand Ministry for Culture and Heritage. The Springboks defeated Taranaki in New Plymouth, but the real action that day occurred on Molesworth Street, outside Parliament in Wellington. 1982: Westside Series 3. [2] In the system, the people of South Africa were divided by their race and the races were forced to live apart from each other. The apartheid system was a type of racial segregation introduced in South Africa in 1948. First major demonstration against the Sprinbok tour in New Zealand. Action began early that morning when 7000 protesters gathered in central Wellington. After that, equal rights were shared among both black and whites. Despite all the pre-tour rhetoric and debate, few anticipated that the country was about to descend into near civil war, ‘a war played out twice a week’ as the Springboks moved from game to game. Public timelines; Search; Sign in; Sign up; 1981 Springbok Tour Timeline created by Matt0059. Leave a comment, Here is the Powerpoint about the results of the tour, October 9, 2013 Filed under Springbok Tour 1981: An urban-based anti-apartheid movement coordinated by HART protested robustly against a Springbok tour of New Zealand with substantial support in provincial areas. The tour … How the tour affected different groups of people – get specific details. Tagged with essay, springbok tour, August 12, 2013 Apartheid (which is an Afrikaans word meaning “apartness”)[1] was a political and social system in South Africa while it was under white minority rule (meaning white people ruled the country, even though there were not as many of them as there were black people). The laws allowed the white minority to keep the black majority out of certain areas. The 1981 Springbok (South African) rugby tour was among the most divisive events in New Zealand’s history. A long term cause of the 1981 Springbok Tour protests was the apartheid system in South Africa and the New Zealand government’s lack of action. During apartheid, people were divided into racial groups and kept apart by law[7]. The Springboks were officially welcomed to New Zealand at Te Poho-o-Rawiri Marae in Gisborne (just as they had been in 1965) on 19 July 1981. The tour … The apartheid system violently repressed any opposition, such as at Sharpeville on March 21 1960, when 69 blacks were killed, and the Soweto Riots 1976-77, when 576 people died. A key cause of the 1981 Springbok Tour Protests was the increased opposition to the apartheid regime in South Africa, through raised awareness after the Soweto riots in 1976.The Apartheid regime and term ‘apartheid’ in South Africa was introduced in 1948 as a part of Daniel Francois Malan’s election campaign. Page 7. The last president under apartheid was Frederik Willem de Klerk[3]. For 56 days in July, August and September 1981, New Zealanders were divided against each other in the largest civil disturbance seen since the 1951 waterfront dispute. Tens of thousands of people protested against the tour around the country Especially the rich parts of the country, like the gold mines of Johannesburg. timeline of events that led up to the tour, happened during the tour and after the tour See the related film clip and more about the Hamilton cancellation. The South African Springboks and the All Blackrugby teams had toured New Zealand and South Africa before 1981. It was a game when ‘all hell broke loose’ as protesters fought with police outside the grounds and flour and smoke bombs were dropped on the ground from a Cessna aircraft. But the National Party government did not want to spend a lot of money on this project. This is one of the papers you will have in your exam. Firstly, remember that you are explaining the causes of the protests, not the tour itself. If we scroll down to the bottom of the page we can see that the website belongs to the Ministry for Culture & Heritage, so the information is well-researched and reliable… The 1981 South African rugby tour (known in New Zealand as the Springbok Tour, and in South Africa as the Rebel Tour) polarised opinions and inspired widespread protests across New Zealand.The controversy also extended to the United States, where the South African rugby team continued their tour after departing New Zealand.. See the related film clip and more about the Gisborne game. Despite calls for the tour to be scrapped, the all-white Springbok team arrived in July. 13 September – The Springbok rugby team leave New Zealand. On the field, the visitors won 24–6. Note that it is not perfect, just use it for an idea rather than exactly what to write. Former Prime Minister Norman Kirk’s prediction eight years earlier that a tour would result in the ‘greatest eruption of violence this country has ever known’ seemed close to being realised. Tagged with springbok tour, the basics, The Apartheid System: from https://simple.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apartheid_in_South_Africa. However, they did not want black men’s families to live in the same area. Here are exemplars. This became a topic of political contention due to the issue of the sports boycott by the other African nations. This Springbok Tour Display Timeline is a great resource to accompany a unit of work about the events of the 1981 Springbok tour. http://www.nzhistory.net.nz/culture/1981-springbok-tour, https://simple.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apartheid_in_South_Africa. The All Blacks won the deciding third test 25–22. Filed under Exam, Springbok Tour Tagged with 1.2, internal assessment, MOAR, resources, September 26, 2013 1981 Springbok Tour from Longest Beat – This is an extract from a book about the history of policing in NZ, Pro-rugby article about the Hamilton game, Another pro-rugby article about the Hamilton game, An article about protest action, written in 2001, Article about the protests from 1981 part 2, Filed under Internal Assessment, Springbok Tour 1970s: Westside Series 1. Timeline of events from Westside and Outrageous Fortune, involving the West family and their acquaintances. Today marks the 30th anniversary of the first match of the 1981 Springbok tour to New Zealand - a tour that in less than two months divided this country dow NZ had signed agreements to stop contact with SA: 1968 – UN calls on countries to boycott sporting contact with SA, 1972 UN convention on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination, The 1976 tour had led to NZ’s public shaming with the 1976 Olympics boycott, Muldoon – thought politics and sport should be separate, – Wanted to keep support in marginal provincial seats such as Gisborne and Whangarei, – Discouraged the tour but did not stop it, Loss of international reputation – 1981 Commonwealth Finance Ministers’ Meeting moved to the Bahamas, National won the 1981 election but only narrowly – lost 4 seats, giving them a majority of 1 seat, Lost the 1984 election – Labour had a no sporting contact policy, Divided NZ society – urban, university-educated, young people vs older, male, provincial workers, 56 days of protest, barbed wire and barricades around rugby grounds, Red and Blue squads formed – seen as too violent, Challenged Pakeha ideas about NZ having the best race relations in the world, No more games vs SA until the end of apartheid, 1992, 1985 Cavaliers team that toured SA unofficially was disowned, 1982 – West Indies cricket team banned NZ from touring there. The United Nations did not agree with the South African government’s apartheid policies [8]. They also wanted black people to work in these mines for little money. The apartheid system was a type of racial segregation introduced in South Africa in 1948. Once the tour was announced, the strongest opposition came from the political Left. The Springboks were South Africa’s national rugby union team, made up entirely of Afrikaners and worshiped by the white ruling elite of South Africa. Organized by HART (Hlat all Racist Tours. Tagged with apartheid, the basics. The National government had a policy of ‘bridge-building’, which maintained contact with South Africa. Anti-springbok tour prostest in new zealand: History of rugby in New Zealand; Causes; Timeline; Key People > Significance and Effect; Actions Taken; Protests; Foot Notes & Sources; Timeline of events. A short term effect was that it caused a divide between the country with immense disturbances to daily life. The rugby game between the All Blacks and Springboks this weekend will bring back memories for those who were witness to the Springbok tour protests in 1981. After this, Nelson Mandela became the first black president [4] [5]. 1980–1981: Westside Series 2, and time after Series 1. Strong-arm policing resulted in many injuries, but only two matches were cancelled. Although granted equal rights since 1994, 90 percent of the country’s poor people are non-white, and so poverty remains a big problem. 19th July, 1981 Springboks arrive in New Zealand . The Soweto uprising started because Africans were forced to study some subjects at school in Afrikaans. Filed under Exam, Springbok Tour Motorists and members of the public are advised that two lanes along Dr Pixey Ka Seme Street (West Street) will be cordoned off to make way for the Springbok Trophy Tour parade. Leave a comment, Filed under Internal Assessment, Springbok Tour Marked the end of Muldoon and the National Party – won the 1981 election but only by a one seat majority – held provincial seats of Gisborne and Whangarei due to people there supporting the tour. See the related film clip and more about the Gisborne game. Proposed 1985 NZ rugby tour of SA was challenged in court and prevented from going ahead. They allowed sporting contact, such as a Springbok tour of New Zealand in 1976. Also, they wanted to keep most of South Africa’s land for white people. Meet the NZHistory.net.nz team, related film clip and more about the Gisborne game, related film clip and more about the Hamilton cancellation, related film clip and more about the Molesworth Street protest, related film clip and more about the Christchurch test, related film clip and more about the Auckland test. Home * The games scheduled for Hamilton and Timaru were called off for security reasons. Here is an exemplar for the Springbok Tour essay. Apartheid is the policy of segregation and separate development. Police responded by forming human wedges to allow rugby spectators through. Muldoon’s refusal to adhere to international agreements. Create a free website or blog at WordPress.com. The All Blacks won the first test 14–9. For example the Society for the protection of individual rights (SPIR) and war against recreational disruption (WARD). 1900–1969: Before the events of Westside. 1983–2004: Between Westside and Outrageous Fortune. 2 Comments. As a result, the Springboks could … The government separated mixed communities and forcibly moved many people. There were laws that kept up the racial separation. The timeline has been divided into sub-pages to maintain order. VSRU 2020 - Carling Currie Cup Featured: Friday, 09 Oct 2020 - Thursday, 31 Dec 2020 Finally, after much struggle, the South African government ended apartheid in 1994. 1987 The New Zealand Nuclear Free Zone, Disarmament and Arms Control Act is passed into law, establishing New Zealand as a nuclear weapon-free zone. Only the 1987 World Cup saw the return of acceptability for rugby. Tagged with 1.5, essay, springbok tour, September 23, 2013 Daniel Malan sets up apartheid in SA in 1948, Sporting contact with SA becomes controversial – 1960 tour Maori not allowed, 1976 NZ tour of SA results in African nations boycotting the 1976 Olympics, 1980 – NZRFU chairman Ces Blazey invites SA to tour NZ, Muldoon – discouraged teh NZRFU from having the tour, but didn’t ban it, 25 July – Hamilton game cancelled after a pitch invasion by protesters, 29 July – Molesworth St protest met with police batons, 15 August – 1st test in Christchurch – Major coordinated protest around Lancaster Park, 29 August – 2nd test in Wellington – 7000 protesters tried to stop spectators entering the grounds and blocked motorways, 12 September – 3rd test in Auckland – A plane dropped flour bombs, flares were thrown on the pitch, a protester disguised themselves as a ref and stole the ball, as well as thousands of protesters battling police in the streets surrounding Eden Park, Flew the light aircraft over the 3rd test in Auckland, Tour affected him by making him want to take action against apartheid, Affected him by making him not have time with family and giving him a criminal record, As leader he was a spokesperson on TV – this made him a target for pro-tour groups, He and his family were intimidated and attacked by tour supporters, Letting the tour go ahead made him lose support, In the 1981 election National lost 4 seats, meaning they only had a majority of 1 seat, Divided society over supporting the tour or not – male, provincial, working class vs young, urban, university educated, Brought people out to protest that hadn’t before, Challenged people’s perceptions of race relations in NZ, Brought NZ attention and shame – NZ cricket not allowed to tour the West Indies in 1981, not allowed to host the Commonwealth Finance Ministers’ Meeting, Rugby was a major part of NZ’s identity but became a national shame, After 1981 there were no more racially selected teams. The anti-apartheid demonstrators responded by mobilising a mass protest movement to disrupt the tour… Tagged with 1.5, essay, exemplar, springbok tour, September 2, 2013 The 1981 Springbok tour of New Zealand was a very significant event to New Zealand. There were many scuffles as protesters were dragged away. Today, the term apartheid is sometimes used to speak about similar systems in other countries. Protest and reform It meant the white people got more privileges than blacks and coloured people in … May 1, 1981. Leave a comment. The face of the red squad Ross Meurant is tired of talking about The Tour. Anti-Springbok protesters block Hamilton match, Police baton anti-tour protesters outside Parliament, Pre-1840 contact, Holidays and events, The arts and entertainment, Disasters, Transport, Health and welfare, Decade studies, Sport, Crime and punishment, Immigration, Lifestyle, Places, The great outdoors, Memorials, Political milestones, Protest and reform, Treaty of Waitangi, Maori leadership, Heads of State, Parliament and the people, The work of government, New Zealand in the world, New Zealand's internal wars, South African War, First World War, Second World War, Post Second World War, Other conflicts, Memorials, mascots and memorabilia, Contexts and activities, Skills, Historical concepts, Education at Pukeahu, Useful links, Interactives, Videos, Sounds, Photos, Site Information, Quizzes, Calendar, Biographies, Check out the links below to like us, follow us, and get the latest from NZHistory, All text is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 New Zealand Licence. 22nd July, 1981 First Rugby test. 3 Comments, – The Tour -This is where most of your detail should be – Memorise these details like dates, Depth of impact – Challenged the place of rugby in NZ society, Making a significant change to NZ’s development as a nation, Filed under Exam, Springbok Tour Black people had to carry special papers (passes) or have permission to live and work in particular areas. See the related film clip and more about the Christchurch test. 29th July, 1981 Anti-tour protest in Molesworth Street in Wellington. The cause of this was the visit of the South African rugby team – the Springboks. 1st May, 1981 First major demonstration. Consequences – How did the tour affect people? The system of apartheid in South Africa was banned in 1994. Many laws were made, for example: people of different races were not allowed to get married; black people could not own land; and black people could not vote. However, the New Zealand government did not take significant action against South Africa. Leave a comment. Sport Here are some articles and clippings to help with your 1.2. Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand Te Ara is an excellent starting point for all questions about New Zealand Aotearoa. The controversy soon returned in light of the 1969-1970 Springbok rugby tour of Great Britain. Commercial re-use may be allowed on request. See also: interactive map of the Tour for more detail about each game. The game against Waikato was called off in front of a full house at Rugby Park. these we groups which did support the Springbok tour. Many black people did not like Afrikaans because it was not the first language of black people, but the language of the apartheid government.[11]. The first game against Poverty Bay on 22 July saw tour supporters and anti-tour protesters confront each other, face to face, for the first time. 1981 The Springbok rugby tour sparks countrywide protests against apartheid. See the related film clip and more about the Auckland test. Collected below are classic documentaries on the tour and subsequent mass protests (Patu!, Try Revolution), anti-tour protest songs, and a doco on the All Blacks’ first post-apartheid tour of South Africa.There's also an excerpt from Tom Scott's 2011 Springbok tour drama Rage. Leave a comment, For an overview of the Springbok Tour go here: http://www.nzhistory.net.nz/culture/1981-springbok-tour, Filed under Springbok Tour A timeline is an effective way to support students, visual learners especially, in understanding the sequence of events. 1999 Filming of The Lord of the Rings starts. Tagged with 1.2, internal assessment, September 1, 2014 Nelson Mandela stood up to apartheid and became president when apartheid was ended. It was mainly the pro-tour supporters who caused the violence which then escalated. Politics and government Both were awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for their efforts[6]. The Cavalier team that went to SA was shunned on their return – players were banned from the All Blacks for 2 matches. not just ‘protesters were affected by being arrested’, but exactly who, how many, when, for what. The apartheid system was a type of racial segregation introduced in South Africa in 1948. Elsewhere there was disruption to television coverage. You should be looking for: Listener Article 2006 – This is an article written by Jock Phillips, one of NZ’s top historians. Lost the 1984 election to Labour who didn’t support sporting contact. A timeline created with Timetoast's interactive timeline maker. The aim of apartheid was to separate all the people of South Africa into small independent nations. His career included many interesting policies and incidents, but arguably the most dramatic was the Springbok tour … Public timelines; ... 1981 Springbok Tour Timeline created by lauren_mul. Gisborne The first game against Poverty Bay on 22 July saw tour supporters and anti-tour protestors confront each other, face to face, for the first time. A ground invasion by several hundred anti-tour protesters and the fact that a light aircraft stolen from Taupō was rumoured to be headed for Rugby Park proved too much for the authorities. Groups blocked the motorway exits into the city as well as road and pedestrian access to Athletic Park. 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